Leading Heart Hospital for Coronary Artery Disease Care

We specialize in advanced care for Coronary Artery Disease. Discover cutting-edge treatments, experienced cardiologists, and personalized care for a healthier heart. Trust us for excellence in cardiac health.

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a narrowing of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This narrowing can reduce blood flow to the heart muscle and cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, and heart attack.

Symptoms of CAD

The symptoms of CAD can vary from person to person. Some people may have no symptoms at all, while others may experience chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, nausea, or dizziness. Chest pain is the most common symptom of CAD, and it is often described as a feeling of pressure, squeezing, or tightness in the chest. The pain may also spread to the arms, neck, jaw, or back.

Risk factors for CAD

There are a number of risk factors for CAD, including:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Family history of CAD
  • Age
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Stress

Treatment for CAD

The treatment for CAD will depend on the severity of the disease and the patient’s individual risk factors. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes, medications, and procedures.

Lifestyle changes

Lifestyle changes are the most important part of treating CAD. These changes can help to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, and they can also improve overall health. Lifestyle changes that may be recommended include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Controlling blood pressure
  • Managing cholesterol
  • Controlling blood sugar

Medications

A number of medications can be used to treat CAD. These medications may help to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, or they may help to relieve symptoms. Medications that may be prescribed include:

  • Aspirin
  • Blood thinners
  • Statins
  • Beta-blockers
  • Nitrates
  • ACE inhibitors
  • ARBs
  • Calcium channel blockers

Procedures

If lifestyle changes and medications are not enough to control CAD, procedures may be recommended. Procedures that may be used to treat CAD include:

  • Angioplasty
  • Stent placement
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)

Prevention of CAD

The best way to prevent CAD is to control the risk factors. Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly, can all help to reduce the risk of CAD.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *